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Hints for installing a kubernetes cluster on Fedora

Hints for installing a kubernetes cluster on Fedora in a virtual environment for lab purposes

DNS | /etc/hosts for all nodes

Make sure to set up /etc/hosts on all nodes:

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cat<<EOF>/etc/hosts
127.0.0.1   localhost localhost.localdomain localhost4 localhost4.localdomain4
::1         localhost localhost.localdomain localhost6 localhost6.localdomain6
192.168.122.250 api.example.com
192.168.122.140 vm2
192.168.122.77 vm4
192.168.122.248 vm1
192.168.122.70 vm3
192.168.122.117 vm5
EOF

Keepalived configuration for master nodes

Master nodes can be set up with the following keepalived configuration for HA:

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cat<<'EOF'>/etc/keepalived/keepalived.conf 
vrrp_instance vip {
 state MASTER
 notify /usr/local/sbin/notify-keepalived.sh
 interface eth0
 virtual_router_id 12
 priority 150
 advert_int 1
 virtual_ipaddress {
   192.168.122.250/32
 }
}
EOF

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cat<<'EOF'>/usr/local/sbin/notify-keepalived.sh
#!/bin/bash
TYPE=$1
NAME=$2
STATE=$3

sleep 2

case $STATE in
        "MASTER") /usr/bin/systemctl start haproxy
                  ;;
        "BACKUP") /usr/bin/systemctl stop haproxy
                  ;;
        "FAULT")  /usr/bin/systemctl stop haproxy
                  exit 0
                  ;;
        *)        /sbin/logger "haproxy unknown state"
                  exit 1
                  ;;
esac
EOF
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chmod +x /usr/local/sbin/notify-keepalived.sh

haproxy setup on master nodes

This goes hand in hand with the keepalived coniguration mentioned earlier - run this on all of the masters:

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cat<<EOF>/etc/haproxy/haproxy.cfg
global
    log         127.0.0.1 local2
    chroot      /var/lib/haproxy
    pidfile     /var/run/haproxy.pid
    maxconn     4000
    user        haproxy
    group       haproxy
    daemon
    stats socket /var/lib/haproxy/stats
    ssl-default-bind-ciphers PROFILE=SYSTEM
    ssl-default-server-ciphers PROFILE=SYSTEM

defaults
    mode                    tcp
    log                     global
    option                  httplog
    option                  dontlognull
    option http-server-close
    option forwardfor       except 127.0.0.0/8
    option                  redispatch
    retries                 3
    timeout http-request    10s
    timeout queue           1m
    timeout connect         10s
    timeout client          1m
    timeout server          1m
    timeout http-keep-alive 10s
    timeout check           10s
    maxconn                 3000

frontend main
    bind api.example.com:6443
    mode tcp
    default_backend             app

backend app
    balance     roundrobin
    server  app1 vm1:6443 check
    server  app2 vm2:6443 check
    server  app3 vm3:6443 check
EOF

Install more recent version of containerd

In Fedora 31, it's required to install a more recent version of containerd than what is provided by the package manager:

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yum install containerd -y
tar -xf containerd-1.3.0.linux-amd64.tar.gz
mv bin/* /usr/local/sbin/.
cat<<'EOF'>/etc/systemd/system/containerd.service 
[Unit]
Description=containerd container runtime
Documentation=https://containerd.io
After=network.target

[Service]
ExecStartPre=/sbin/modprobe overlay
ExecStart=/usr/local/sbin/containerd
Delegate=yes
KillMode=process

[Install]
WantedBy=multi-user.target
EOF
systemctl daemon-reload
systemctl restart containerd
systemctl enable containerd
crictl --runtime-endpoint=/var/run/containerd/containerd.sock info

Revert Fedora to use cgroupv1

Revert Fedora 31 to cgroupv1 as this will not work with cgroupv2 https://medium.com/nttlabs/cgroup-v2-596d035be4d7

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sudo dnf install -y grubby
sudo grubby \
  --update-kernel=ALL \
  --args="systemd.unified_cgroup_hierarchy=0"

Work around issues with Flannel in k8s 1.16

Problems with flannel in k8s 1.16: https://stackoverflow.com/questions/58024643/kubernetes-master-node-not-ready-state https://github.com/coreos/flannel/issues/1185

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[root@vm1 ~]# ADVERTISE_URL="https://127.0.0.1:2379"
[root@vm1 ~]# ETCDCTL_API=3 etcdctl --endpoints $ADVERTISE_URL --cacert /etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/ca.crt --key /etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/server.key --cert /etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/server.crt --insecure-skip-tls-verify member list
7f6515a7c372e765, started, vm3, https://192.168.122.70:2380, https://192.168.122.70:2379
cf8371b51a17571b, started, vm2, https://192.168.122.140:2380, https://192.168.122.140:2379
ec403cb4ca539d7b, started, vm1, https://192.168.122.248:2380, https://192.168.122.248:2379
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ETCDCTL_API=3 etcdctl --endpoints $ADVERTISE_URL --cacert /etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/ca.crt --key /etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/server.key --cert /etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/server.crt get --prefix /registry -w json | python -m json.tool
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[root@vm1 ~]# ETCDCTL_API=3 etcdctl --endpoints $ADVERTISE_URL --cacert /etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/ca.crt --key /etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/server.key --cert /etc/kubernetes/pki/etcd/server.crt get --prefix /registry --keys-only | grep flann
/registry/clusterrolebindings/flannel
/registry/clusterroles/flannel
/registry/configmaps/kube-system/kube-flannel-cfg
/registry/controllerrevisions/kube-system/kube-flannel-ds-amd64-67f65bfbc7
/registry/controllerrevisions/kube-system/kube-flannel-ds-arm-74f7486b59
/registry/controllerrevisions/kube-system/kube-flannel-ds-arm64-575fdc5885
/registry/controllerrevisions/kube-system/kube-flannel-ds-ppc64le-84596b9cb9
/registry/controllerrevisions/kube-system/kube-flannel-ds-s390x-7f96755bd4
/registry/daemonsets/kube-system/kube-flannel-ds-amd64
/registry/daemonsets/kube-system/kube-flannel-ds-arm
/registry/daemonsets/kube-system/kube-flannel-ds-arm64
/registry/daemonsets/kube-system/kube-flannel-ds-ppc64le
/registry/daemonsets/kube-system/kube-flannel-ds-s390x
/registry/pods/kube-system/kube-flannel-ds-amd64-7gd69
/registry/pods/kube-system/kube-flannel-ds-amd64-9jkzr
/registry/pods/kube-system/kube-flannel-ds-amd64-krgj4
/registry/pods/kube-system/kube-flannel-ds-amd64-v6wqc
/registry/pods/kube-system/kube-flannel-ds-amd64-vfnhx
/registry/podsecuritypolicy/psp.flannel.unprivileged
/registry/secrets/kube-system/flannel-token-ff78q
/registry/serviceaccounts/kube-system/flannel
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[root@vm1 ~]# kubectl exec -it kube-flannel-ds-amd64-7gd69 -n kube-system /bin/bash
bash-4.4# ps
PID   USER     TIME  COMMAND
    1 root      0:08 /opt/bin/flanneld --ip-masq --kube-subnet-mgr
 8183 root      0:00 /bin/bash
 8190 root      0:00 ps
bash-4.4# cat /etc/kube-flannel/net-conf.json
{
  "Network": "10.244.0.0/16",
  "Backend": {
    "Type": "vxlan"
  }
}
bash-4.4# 

https://github.com/coreos/flannel/blob/master/Documentation/configuration.md

Issue with systemd and flannel: https://github.com/coreos/flannel/issues/1155

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cat<<'EOF'>/etc/systemd/network/10-flannel.link
[Match]
OriginalName=flannel*

[Link]
MACAddressPolicy=none
EOF

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[root@vm4 ~]# cat /etc/default/grub  | grep CMDLINE
GRUB_CMDLINE_LINUX="no_timer_check net.ifnames=0 console=tty1 console=ttyS0,115200n8 systemd.unified_cgroup_hierarchy=0"
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[root@vm4 ~]# cat /etc/yum.repos.d/kubernetes.repo 
[kubernetes]
name=Kubernetes
baseurl=https://packages.cloud.google.com/yum/repos/kubernetes-el7-x86_64
enabled=1
gpgcheck=1
repo_gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=https://packages.cloud.google.com/yum/doc/yum-key.gpg https://packages.cloud.google.com/yum/doc/rpm-package-key.gpg
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[root@vm4 ~]# rpm -qa | egrep 'kube|docker'
docker-ce-19.03.4-3.fc31.x86_64
kubectl-1.16.2-0.x86_64
kubelet-1.16.2-0.x86_64
kubeadm-1.16.2-0.x86_64
kubernetes-cni-0.7.5-0.x86_64
docker-ce-cli-19.03.4-3.fc31.x86_64
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root@vm4 ~]# cat /etc/yum.repos.d/docker-ce.repo
[docker-ce-stable]
name=Docker CE Stable - $basearch
baseurl=https://download.docker.com/linux/fedora/$releasever/$basearch/stable
enabled=1
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=https://download.docker.com/linux/fedora/gpg

[docker-ce-stable-debuginfo]
name=Docker CE Stable - Debuginfo $basearch
baseurl=https://download.docker.com/linux/fedora/$releasever/debug-$basearch/stable
enabled=0
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=https://download.docker.com/linux/fedora/gpg

[docker-ce-stable-source]
name=Docker CE Stable - Sources
baseurl=https://download.docker.com/linux/fedora/$releasever/source/stable
enabled=0
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=https://download.docker.com/linux/fedora/gpg

[docker-ce-edge]
name=Docker CE Edge - $basearch
baseurl=https://download.docker.com/linux/fedora/$releasever/$basearch/edge
enabled=0
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=https://download.docker.com/linux/fedora/gpg

[docker-ce-edge-debuginfo]
name=Docker CE Edge - Debuginfo $basearch
baseurl=https://download.docker.com/linux/fedora/$releasever/debug-$basearch/edge
enabled=0
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=https://download.docker.com/linux/fedora/gpg

[docker-ce-edge-source]
name=Docker CE Edge - Sources
baseurl=https://download.docker.com/linux/fedora/$releasever/source/edge
enabled=0
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=https://download.docker.com/linux/fedora/gpg

[docker-ce-test]
name=Docker CE Test - $basearch
baseurl=https://download.docker.com/linux/fedora/$releasever/$basearch/test
enabled=0
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=https://download.docker.com/linux/fedora/gpg

[docker-ce-test-debuginfo]
name=Docker CE Test - Debuginfo $basearch
baseurl=https://download.docker.com/linux/fedora/$releasever/debug-$basearch/test
enabled=0
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=https://download.docker.com/linux/fedora/gpg

[docker-ce-test-source]
name=Docker CE Test - Sources
baseurl=https://download.docker.com/linux/fedora/$releasever/source/test
enabled=0
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=https://download.docker.com/linux/fedora/gpg

[docker-ce-nightly]
name=Docker CE Nightly - $basearch
baseurl=https://download.docker.com/linux/fedora/$releasever/$basearch/nightly
enabled=0
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=https://download.docker.com/linux/fedora/gpg

[docker-ce-nightly-debuginfo]
name=Docker CE Nightly - Debuginfo $basearch
baseurl=https://download.docker.com/linux/fedora/$releasever/debug-$basearch/nightly
enabled=0
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=https://download.docker.com/linux/fedora/gpg

[docker-ce-nightly-source]
name=Docker CE Nightly - Sources
baseurl=https://download.docker.com/linux/fedora/$releasever/source/nightly
enabled=0
gpgcheck=1
gpgkey=https://download.docker.com/linux/fedora/gpg
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yum install kubeadm kubectl kubelet kubernetes-cni docker-ce -y

Last update: September 23, 2020